Some buildings and cities were never found by the conquistadors or just left only because of their uninteresting position. Machu Picchu is the most important place that the Spanish never discovered. American professor Hiram Bingham officially found this magical place in 1911. The sacred city and the Incas became very famous ever since, the Taj Majal of Latin America and probably one of the most beautiful places in the world. Very little information stood the test of time over Machu Picchu. Archaeologists found out that the city was a religious place of pilgrimage, built in the fifteenth and first half of the 16th century and probably never finished. It could be that his work was interrupted by the Spanish invasion or civil war just before the conquest between Atahualpa and Huascar.
The city is divided into two halves, a religious and residential area with a large relative square in the center. Approximately 1200 men could live in Machu Picchu and six men were enough to keep the city. Built on a steep mountain and surrounded by subtropical rainforest it gives every visitor the feeling of being save and untouchable.
Next to the Machu Picchu (old mountain) is the Huayna Picchu (the young mountain, see in the box on the left) and can be visited. A climb of at least 30 minutes brings you up this very steep mountain. You need good physical condition and watch your steps. From this place Machu Picchu can be seen in the form of a huge condor that flies to the west. (read more about the place and form of the holy city) above the Huayna Picchu, the temples and terraces were built halfway on the other side of the mountain that you can visit the Temple of the Moon, still known as the only temple of the Inca intact. The earthquakes unfortunately destroyed most of the other temples in the Huayna Pichu.
This magical place can still be visited by the original trail of the Inca. The shortest track is in 2 days (from kilometer 104) and the most popular is the four-day track of Ollantaytambo in the sacred valley. Make sure you have a good condition, solid shoes and in the rainy season a raincoat. The second day is the hardest with a 1000m-climb at a pace of 4,300m. it is difficult to make the track of four days without a guide, but the 2 day-trails can only be made. In the dry season, when the sun is burning hot, you have to make sure you have enough water with you! You will lose sweat by the bunk … The equipment such as tents and sleeping bags can be rented at agencies in Cusco.
Enjoy a tour to the city of Cusco will be unforgettable, with this travel agency that will provide everything you need to make your trip unique.
The Inca Trail crossed the entire empire and was described by the chroniclers as the best roads they had ever seen. Although the Incas did not know how to build stone bridges, their tracks constituted one of the best communication systems of their time. Ocean fish arrived two hours later in Cusco. Messages and quipus all about the empire of got fast and except in Cusco. Quipus is a mathematical account system used to administer the empire. A quipu was composed of sequences and colored knots. Runners or chaskis ran distances from 200m to 5km, depending on the difficulty of the terrain. Another chaski took over the message and the goods, similar to the relay race.
Although it is a hard physical exercise to make the Inca’s four-day trail, the magnificent views of the white mountains, the glaciers, the subtropical rainforest and the Inca ruins on the way make up the effort many times. A chaski can be used to carry the piece of your luggage. This is not usually included in the service sold by an agency, but it has to be arranged by your agency or at the location and is additional. Do not worry about these people and their strength. In our group once a 16-year-old female chaski carried the backpacks of three people and climbed over the mountain pass of 4,300m while telling stories with a smile on her face.